Ancient Theater in Turkey
Antioch of Pisidia




Other names: ./.
Roman province: Pisidia
Location: Yalvaš, Yalvaš County, Province Isparta
Capacity: ca. 5.000 spectators
Dimensions: ° cavea: 95 m
° orchestra: 35,5 m

The Roman theatre was only opened between 2001 and 2006. It probably dates from the early 1st century B.C. Later alterations and extensions were carried out by Marcus Aurelius Diogenes in the years 286 - 311 A.D. The cavea is built on a natural slope facing northwest. Considerable parts of the rows of seats are no longer present. The auditorium was divided by a diazoma into 2 tiers with a total of 26 rows of seats.
The orchestra was lowered on the occasion of a reconstruction into an arena and thus the spectators were better protected against unintentional injuries by the fights in the arena by a higher podium wall.

The history of Antiochia ad Pisidiam:  

Antioch of Pisidia (Latin Antiochia ad Pisidiam, also Antiochia Caesarea or Colonia Caesarea) is one of several cities founded and named after Antiochos by selective rulers.
The Pisidic Antioch was built with settlers from Magnesia on a strategically favourable site near today's Yalvaš. After the foundation of the Roman province of Galatia, the city was re-established in 25 B.C. as a veteran colony called Colonia Caesarea Antiochia. Via the important military road via Sebaste it was connected with other Augustan foundations in Asia Minor. In the course of Diocletian's imperial reform, Antioch became the metropolis of the newly founded province of Pisidia.

The city quickly developed into one of the most important Roman cities in Asia Minor. Already in the 1st century A.D. several senators from Antioch can be proven.

Excavations in Antioch have uncovered a large Byzantine basilica, a theatre, a spa, fountains, an Augustus temple and an aqueduct. The museum in Yalvac houses finds from Antioch and the early history of the landscape.
Antioch in Pisidia is known for the missionary journeys of the Apostle Paul of Tarsus. In his honour, a large basilica was built in Byzantine times, which still bears his name today. The city is the end point of the Paul's Way, a hiking and pilgrimage trail that begins in Perge near Antalya.

Row of shops next to the theatre    
Photos: @chim    
Translation aid:    
Source: Wikipedia and others