Ancient Theater in Turkey









A typical example of an amphitheatre is the Colosseum (or Flavian Amphitheatre) in Rome.


An amphitheatre (Greek: amphi = around ...) is a freestanding round theatre of antiquity, typically without a closed roof, but may be equipped with a sun sail. Around a round or oval arena, rows of seats gradually rose.


Roman Theatre



A typical example of a purely Roman theatre is the theatre of Aspendos (photo)



 7 Parodoi

2  Summa Cavea

 8 Orchestra
3  Diazoma  9 Tribunalia
4  Portikus 10 Porta Hospitalia
5  Scaena 11 Porta Regia
6  Scaena frons  

Theatres of Roman antiquity are horseshoe-shaped open-air theatres. In Turkey, many of the originally Greek-Hellenistic theatres were converted into Roman theatres during the Roman Empire. This is why most of the theatres are built on a natural slope.
An example of a freestanding Roman theatre is the theatre of Tlos or the one in Side near Manavgat.

A significant improvement in acoustics was achieved by vaulting over the lateral entrances to the auditorium (7 = parodoi), so that a completely enclosed space was created.



The auditorium divided into Ima Cavea, the lower rank, the Summa Cavea, the upper rank. In large theatres, such as Ephesus, there is a middle tier, the Media Cavea


Summa Cavea

The top rank,
was reserved for the lowest social strata


Diazoma is the name given to one of the wide circuits that divided the rows of seats into two or three tiers. The 1.80 m wide corridors were closed at the back by a 90 cm high wall above which the next tier rose



Circumferential portico above the Summa Cavea


The Stage House
Scaena frons stage wall
the side of the stage facing the spectator
Orchestra semicircular level directly in front of the stage
Parodoi the two side entrances to the orchestra. Built over in Roman theatres

Proszenium loge,
Loge for prominent personalities, dignitaries, etc. Mostly these lodges had their own access

Porta Hospitalia The two side entrances from the stage to the stage house
Porta Regia The middle entrance from the stage to the stage house

Greek Theatre





 7  Pinakes

2  Kerkides

 8  Thyromata
3  Diazomata  9  Paradoi
4  Klimakes 10 Prohedrie
5  Scene 11 Thymele
6  Proskerion  

Greek (Hellenistic) antiquity theatres are horseshoe-shaped open-air theatres built into a slope. In the opening of the auditorium, an initially wooden stage was built, on whose raised stage platform (proskenion) the actors acted in front of a stage wall (scene). The areas between the columns of the proskenion were used for stage sets and scenery.



The auditorium



The outer cheeks of the auditorium


Wedge-shaped field
Diazomata Diazomata is the name given to one of the wide circuits that divided the rows of seats into two or three tiers.
Klimakes Steps, stairs
Scene The Stage House
Proskerion The stage porch
 Pinakes Space between the supporting columns of the Proskerion
Orchestra circular level directly in front of the stage, playing area for choir and actors
Thyromata Door opening to the stage
Paradoi the two side entrances to the auditorium
Prohedrie Honorary seats for high-ranking personalities
Thymele an altar-shaped, square elevation rising on steps in the central axis of the orchestra on which the conductor conducted. Also Bema = speaker platform




Honorary seat in the Greek theatre of Priene



The Greek Theatre of Antiphellos (Kaş)

Photos: @chim    
Translation aid:    
Source: Wikipedia and others