Euromos in Caria




The Temple of Zeus Lepsynos  

Euromos was Caria's most important city after the neighbouring Mylasa (today Milas), about ten kilometres away. In the middle of the 5th century B.C. Euromos was a member of the Delisch-Attischer Seebund. According to the plaque erected on site, the name of the city in the 5th century BC was "Cyramos" or "Hyramos".
King Maussolos II, known for the Wonder of the Ancient World named after him, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, probably contributed to strengthening the town with his Hellenization policy in the 4th century BC.

Euromos seems to have maintained its independence until the neighbouring city of Mylasa rebelled against the rule of the Greek Rhodes in 167 BC and subsequently took control of the territory of Euromos.
Euromos formed alliances with the Roman Empire, Rhodes and the Carian city of Iasos, which led to its growth and prosperity in Hellenistic and Roman times.


View into the temple interior  

Excavations and restoration work began in the 1970s, but has not been completed to this day. The temple of Zeus Lepsynos from the second century A.D. is considered one of the six best preserved temples in Asia, although its decorations seem not to have been finished completely.
Of the original 32 Corinthian columns, half are still standing and supporting parts of the bellows.



Inscription for the sponsor of the column


Inscriptions are reminiscent of the founders and the stonemasons from the former Zeus shrine Labraunda set their mark several times with the double axe (Labrys).


The Theatre  

Rows of seats received  



Only a few remains of the former city can be seen today. Parts of the city wall, remains of a theatre and an agora can be seen near the theatre. There are some graves in the surrounding area. The theatre hasn't been excavated yet. At present, only a few rows of seats can be seen.



Remains of the city wall  




Watchtower of the city wall





Photos: @chim    
Translation aid:    
Source: Wikipedia and others