Antiochia ad Maeandrum in Caria




The town hill  

Antiochia or Antiocheia on the meander (Latin: Antiochia ad Maeandrum) was an ancient Carian town on the meander, which was of supra-regional importance above all because of its stone bridge over the meander mentioned at Strabon. The town was situated at the confluence of the Morsynos river (now Dandalas Su) into the meander, on the southern edge of the meandering plain. About 30 km south, in the Morsynos valley, was the more important ancient city of Aphrodisias.


Remains of the city fortifications  

The city was founded by the Seleucid ruler Antiochos I. probably on the way of a synoikism, but already existed as a settlement. For some time it was also called Pythopolis.
Thanks to its bridge and its location on the important trade route along the meander, the hometown of the Sophist Diotrephes gained supraregional importance, especially in Roman times, which is reflected in the multiple depiction of the monumental meander bridge on mintings of the city in the 3rd century AD.
After Titus Livius the consul Gnaeus Manlius Vulso moved 189 B.C. during his fight against the Galatians through the city, which was developed to a fortress in the imperial period. In the winter of 113, Emperor Trajan visited Antioch, which among the Emperors Decius, Valerian and Gallienus played a central strategic role in connection with the Sassanid invasions.
The town was described as fortified in the Middle Ages in connection with the Battle of Antiochia on the Meander (1211); when it was abandoned is uncertain.



In 1994, an archaeological survey revealed only a few remains of the city, including parts of the city wall and a citadel, as well as the stadium.


Street in Basaran from the D320  



Antiochia ad Maeandrum is located 1 km from the village of Basaran. Coming from Aydin or Denizli, take the national road D320/E87 near the town of Kuyucak towards Karacasu.
The turnoff is also signposted in brown for Aphrodisias. After 7 km, in the village of Basaran, you will see the signposts to "Antiocheia" on your left.
After crossing a second bridge, on the right on the slightly rising hill are the miserable remains of a once flourishing city. No excavations have taken place here yet.

Photos: @chim, Jürgen P.    
Translation aid:    
Source: Wikipedia and others